Folklore refers to cultural expressions such as beliefs, customs, stories, legends, myths, songs, dances, festivals, food, and costumes through which groups share an identity, Folklores are passed through generations by word of mouth. Folklore encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group. They include material culture ranging from traditional building styles common to the group, they also include customary lore, taking actions for folk beliefs, the forms of rituals and celebrations such as Christmas and Weddings, folk dances and initiation rites. Each on of these is either considered a folklore artifact or traditional cultural expressions.

The concept of folk has varied over time. When this term was first created folk applied only too rural, frequently poor and illiterate peasants. The more modern definition of a folk is a social group that includes two or more persons with common traits, who express their shared identity through distinctive traditions. The most popular folklores around the world include Red riding hood, Goldilocks and the three bears, chicken little, Ghost stories etc…

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