By: Skyler Russell
Top ten endangered species
1.) Javan Rhinos One of the rarest rhino species. Can be found throughout South-East Asia. Going instinct due to hunting and habitat loss. Around 75 individuals left.
2.) Amur Leopard One of the rarest big cats. Can be found in the far east of Russia and Northern-Eastern China. Going instinct due to habitat loss, fragmentation, prey scarcity, and transportation infrastructure. Around 100 individuals left.
3.) Sunda Island Tiger One of the smallest tiger species in the world, weighing up to 140kg. Can be found on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Going instinct due to human population. Around 600 individuals left.
4.) Mountain Gorillas Can be found in high-altitude forests in volcanic, mountainous regions of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda. Going instinct due to food, shelter, threats and space. Around 1,000 individuals left.
5.) Tapanuli Orangutan The newly described species of orangutan. Can be found in tropical forests of the Batang Toru ecosystem on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Going instinct due to loss of habitats, forests being replaced by agriculture, mining, and hydroelectric and geothermal development. Around 800 individuals left.
6.) Yangtzee Finless Porpoise Can be found in the Yangtze River in China. Going instinct due to unhealthy ecosystem functioning, environmental degradation, overfishing, and water pollution. Around 1,000 individuals left.
7.) Black Rhinos Can be found in Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, ad Zimbabwe. Going instinct due to threats for their horn (poaching). Around 5,630 individuals left.
8.) African Forest Elephant Can be found in West and Central Africa in the forests. Going extinct due to poaching, habitat loss, land use for change of agriculture, and fragmented habitats. The African elephants occupy 25 percent.
9.) Sumatran Orangutan Can be found on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Going extinct due to habitat loss. There are less than 14,000 individuals.
10.) Hawksbill Turtles One of the seven species of marine turtles. Can be found in nearshore tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Ocean. Going extinct due to plastic pollution and climate change.